F. Sachs, F. Qin. "Gated, ion-selective channels observed with patch pipettes in the absence of membranes: novel properties of a gigaseal." Biophysical Journal, Sep 1993: 1101-7.
Leonard A. Sagan. "Family Ties: The Real Reason People Are Living Longer." The Sciences, Mar/Apr, 1988: 20-29.
R. Sanchis, G. Abadie, P. Pardon. "Salmonella Abortusovis experimental infection induced by the conjunctival route: clinical, serological and bacteriological study of the dose effect in female lambs." Veterinary Research, 26:2 1995: 73-80.
Marshall D. Sahlins. "Poor Man, Rich Man, Big Man, Chief." In Conformity and Conflict: Readings in Cultural Anthropology, edited by James P. Spradley and David W. McCurdy, 304-319. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1987.
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. "1997 Research Report." www.stjude.org/sr/vmb.htm, Dec 1998.
Eisuke Sakakibara. Beyond capitalism: the Japanese model of market economics. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1993.
N.K. Saksena, V. Herve, J.P. Durand, B. Leguenno, O.M. Diop, J.P. Digouette, C. Mathiot, M.C. Muller, J.L. Love, S. Dube, et al. "Seroepidemiologic, molecular, and phylogenetic analyses of simian T-cell leukemia viruses (STLV-I) from various naturally infected monkey species from central and western Africa." Virology, Jan 1994: 297-310.
Harrison Evans Salisbury. Black Night, White Snow: Russia's Revolutions, 1905 1917. N.Y.: Da Capo, 1981.
G.P. Salmond, B.W. Bycroft, G.S. Stewart, P. Williams. "The bacterial 'enigma': cracking the code of cell-cell communication" Molecular Microbiology, May 1995: 615-24.
The San Antonio Zoo. "Gelada baboon (Theropithecus gelada)." www.sazoo-aq.org/gelada.htm, Apr 1999.
U. Sandler, A. Wyler. "Non-coding DNA can regulate gene transcription by its base pair's distribution." Journal of Theoretical Biology, Jul 7 1998: 85-90.
Kathleen Sandman and John N. Reeve. "Origin of the Eukaryotic Nucleus." Science, 24 Apr 1998: 499d.
Robert M. Sapolsky. "Stress, Social Status, and Reproductive Physiology in Free-Living Baboons." In Psychobiology of Reproductive Behavior: An Evolutionary Perspective, edited by David Crews. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1987.
Robert Sapolsky. "Lessons of the Serengeti." The Sciences, May/Jun 1988.
Robert M. Sapolsky. "Stress in the Wild." Scientific American. Jan 1990: 116-123.
Robert M. Sapolsky. Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers : An Updated Guide to Stress, Stress-Related Diseases, and Coping. N.Y.: W H Freeman & Co 1998.
I.G. Sarason, B.R. Sarason. "Concomitants of social support: attitudes, personality characteristics, and life experiences." Journal of Personality, Sep 1982: 331-44.
I.G. Sarason, B.R. Sarason and G.R. Pierce. "Social Support, Personality, and Health." In Topics In Health Psychology, edited by S. Maes, C.D. Spielberger, P.B. Defares and I.G. Sarason, 245 256. N.Y.: John Wiley and Sons, 1988.
H.B. Sarnat, M.G. Netsky. "The brain of the planarian as the ancestor of the human brain." Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, Nov1985: 296-302.
P. Sarni, T. de Toni, R. Gastaldi. "Validity of self-assessment of pubertal maturation in early adolescents." Minerva Pediatrica, October 1993: 397-400.
I. Sarnoff and P.G. Zimbardo. "Anxiety, fear, and social affiliation." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 61, 1962: 356-363.
Peter Satir, Ian Gibbons. "cilia and flagella." McGraw-Hill Multimedia Encyclopedia of Science and Technology.
Q.J. Sattentau, J.P. Moore, F. Vignaux, F. Traincard, P. Poignard. "Conformational changes induced in the envelope glycoproteins of the human and simian immunodeficiency viruses by soluble receptor binding." Journal of Virology, Dec 1993: 7383-93.
Helmut Sauer. "cell differentiation." McGraw-Hill Multimedia Encyclopedia of Science and Technology
S. Scarr. "Theoretical Issues in Investigating Intellectual Plasticity." In Plasticity of Development, edited by S.E. Brauth, W.S. Hall, and R.J. Dooling, 57-71. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991.
John Scarry. "World Prehistory: The Middle Paleolithic." Chapel Hill, NC: Research Laboratories of Archaeology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, www.unc.edu/courses/anth100/midpaleo.htm, downloaded Jun 1999.
Stanley Schachter. The Psychology of Affiliation. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press, 1959.
J.M. Schaeffer, A.J. Hsueh. "alpha-Bungarotoxin-luciferin as a bioluminescent probe for characterization of acetylcholine receptors in the central nervous system." Journal of Biological Chemistry, Feb1984: 2055-8.
J.R. Schäfer, Y. Kawaoka, W.J. Bean, J. Süss, D. Senne, R.G. Webster. "Origin of the pandemic 1957 H2 influenza A virus and the persistence of its possible progenitors in the avian reservoir." Virology, Jun 1993: 781-8.
Richard Louis Schanck. "A Study of a Community and Its Groups and Institutions Conceived of as Behaviors of Individuals." Psychological Monographs, Vol. XLIII, No. 2, Whole No. 195, 1933: 1-133.
N. Shanks, C. Renton, S. Zalcman, H. Anisman. "Influence of change from grouped to individual housing on a T cell dependent immune response in mice: antagonism by diazepam." Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, Mar 1994: 497 502.
Steven J. Schapiro, Pramod N. Nehete, Jaine E. Perlman, Mollie A. Bloomsmith, Jagannadha K. Sastry. "Effects of dominance status and environmental enrichment on cell-mediated immunity in rhesus macaques." Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Mar 1998: 319-332.
J.H. Scharf. "Turning points in cytology." Acta Histochemica. Supplementband, 39, 1990: 11-47.
Bruce Schechter. "How the Brain Gets Rhythm." Science, 18 October 1996: 339-340.
Linda Schele and David Freidel. A Forest of Kings: the untold story of the ancient Maya. N.Y.: William Morrow and Co: 264-265.
Robert I. Scheinman, Patricia C. Cogswell, Alan K. Lofquist, Albert S. Baldwin Jr. "Role of Transciptional Activation of IêBá in Mediation of Immunosuppression by Glucocorticoids." Science, 13 October 1995: 283-286.
Klaus R. Scherer, Paul Ekman, eds. Approaches to Emotion. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1984.
D. Schluter. "Experimental Evidence that Competition Promotes Divergences in Adaptive Radiation." Science, 4 Nov1994: 798.
C.P. Schmidt, J.W. McCutcheon. "Reexamination of relations between the Myers-Briggs type indicator and field dependence-independence." Perceptual and Motor Skills, Dec 1988: 691-5.
J. Schmidt, B.K. Ahring. "Granular Sludge Formation in Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) Reactors." Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 49 1996: 229-246
L.A. Schmidt, N.A. Fox. "Fear potentiated startle responses in temperamentally different human infants." Developmental Psychobiology, Mar 1998: 113 20.
W. Schmidt-Lorenz. "The fine structure of the swarm cells of myxobacteria." Journal of Applied Bacteriology, Mar 1969: 22-3.
W. Schmidt-Lorenz, H. Kühlwein. "Contributions to the knowledge of the myxobacteria-cell. 2. Surface structures of the swarm cells." Archives of Microbiology, 68:4, 1969: 405-26.
Mark A. Schneegurt. "Cyanosite: A Webserver for Cyanobacterial Research." www cyanosite.bio.purdue.edu/images/images.html, downloaded Sep 1999.
David Schneider. "Where No Brush Can Reach." Scientific American, Dec 1998: 40, 44.
M. Schneider, D.W. Ow, S.H. Howell. "The in vivo pattern of firefly luciferase expression in transgenic plants." Plant Molecular Biology, Jun 1990: 935-47.
Michael Schneider. Understanding the Brain--A New Look At Seeing: The Visual Cortex and Self-Organization. Projects in Scientific Computing, 1995. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, 1995 and www.psc.edu/science/Miikkulainen/Miikkul-vis.html, May 1999.
T.D. Shou, Y.F. Zhou. "Orientation and direction sensitivity of cells in subcortical structures of the visual system." Sheng Li Hsueh Pao, Apr 1996: 105-12.
Frederick R. Schram. "arthropoda." McGraw-Hill Multimedia Encyclopedia of Science and Technology.
C. Scholtissek. "Source for influenza pandemics." European Journal of Epidemiology, Aug 1994: 455-8.
Renee Schoof. "China Cult Could Be Formidable Foe." Associated Press, Apr 27, 1999.
"The School of Pythagoras." http://members.aol.com/areoasis/Reviews/pythagoras.html, Aug, 1998.
J.W. Schopf. "Are the oldest 'fossils', fossils?" Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, Jan 1976:
J. William Schopf and Cornelius Klein, editors. Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
J. William Schopf. "Microfossils of the Early Archean Apex Chert: New Evidence of the Antiquity of Life." Science. 30 Apr 1993: 640-646.
J. William Schopf. Cradle of Life : The Discovery of Earth's Earliest Fossils. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Ethan J. Schreier, Alessandro Marconi, Chris Packham. "Evidence for A 20 Parsec Disk at the Nucleus of Centaurus A." The Astrophysical Journal, Jun 1, 1998: 2.
R. Schropp. "Children's use of objects--competitive or interactive?" Paper presented at 19th International Ethological Conference, Toulouse, 1985
Andrea Schulte-Peevers. "The Brothers Grimm and the Evolution of the Fairy Tale." German Life, Mar 31, 1996.
D.J. Schultz, I.J. Hough, W. Boardman. "Special challenges of maintaining wild animals in captivity in Australia and New Zealand: prevention of infectious and parasitic diseases." Revue Scientifique et Technique, Mar 1996: 289-308; J.G. Fox.
G.J. Schütz, W. Trabesinger, T. Schmidt. "Direct observation of ligand colocalization on individual receptor molecules." Biophysical Journal, May, 1998: 2223-6.
Gary E. Schwartz. "Psychosomatic Disorders and Biofeedback: A Psychobiological Model of Disregulation." In Psychopathology: Experimental Models, edited by Jack D. Maser and Martin E.P. Seligman: 270-307. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Co, 1977.
John Paul Scott and John L. Fuller. Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog. Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 1965.
Ole Seehausen, Jacques J.M. van Alphen, Frans Witte. "Cichlid Fish Diversity Threatened by Eutrophication That Curbs Sexual Selection." Science, 19 Sep 1997: 1808-1810.
Thomas D. Seeley. Honeybee Ecology: A Study of Adaptation in Social Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Thomas D. Seeley and Royce A. Levien. "A Colony of Mind: The Beehive As Thinking Machine." The Sciences, Jul/Aug, 1987: 38-42.
Thomas D. Seeley. The Wisdom of the Hive: The Social Physiology of Honey Bee Colonies. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1995
Adolf Seilacher, Pradip K. Bose, and Friedrich Pflüger. "Triploblastic Animals More Than 1 Billion Years Ago: Trace Fossil Evidence from India." Science, October 2, 1998: 80-83.
S. Semaw, P. Renne, J.W.K Harris, C.S. Feibel, R L Bernor, N Fesse ha, K Mowbray. "2.5 million year old stone tools from Gona, Ethiopia." Nature, 23 Jan 1997: 333.
Nathan Seppa. "A New Gap in the Antibiotic Arsenal." Science News, Jun 7, 1997: 348.
Robert F. Service. "Microbiologists Explore Life's Rich, Hidden Kingdoms." Science, 21 Mar 1997: 1740-1742.
Robert F. Service. "Quantum Computing Makes Solid Progress." Science, 30 Apr 1999: 722 723.
Robert F. Service. "Organic Molecule Rewires Chip Design." Science, 16 Jul 1999: 313 315.
P. Servos, M Peters. "A clear left hemisphere advantage for visuo-spatially based verbal categorization." Neuropsychologia, 28:12, 1990: 1251-60.
Sally K. Severino, M.D. "Renal Failure and Stress." In Selye's Guide To Stress Research, Volume 3, edited by Hans Selye: 128-135.
Robert M. Seyfarth and Dorothy L. Cheney. "Some general features of vocal development in nonhuman primates." In Social Influences on Vocal Development, edited by Charles T. Snowdon & Martine Hausberger. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 249-273.
Thomas D. Seeley. The Wisdom of the Hive: The Social Physiology of Honey Bee Colonies. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1995: 7.
M.H. Segall, D.T. Campbell, M.J. Herskovitz. The Influence of Culture On Visual Perception. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1966.
M.E. Seligman. "Learned Helplessness." Annual Review of Medicine, 23 1972: 407-412.
M.E. Seligman, G. Beagley. "Learned helplessness in the rat." Journal of Comparative Psychology, Feb1975: 534-41.
Martin E.P. Seligman. Learned Optimism. N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990: 187-198.
D.A. Senne, B. Panigrahy, Y. Kawaoka, J.E. Pearson, J. Süss, M. Lipkind, H. Kida, R.G. Webster. "Survey of the hemagglutinin (HA) cleavage site sequence of H5 and H7 avian influenza viruses: amino acid sequence at the HA cleavage site as a marker of pathogenicity potential." Avian Diseases, Apr-Jun 1996: 425-37.
Richard Sennett. The Corrosion of Character: The Personal Consequences of Work in the New Capitalism. N.Y.: W.W. Norton, 1998.
Serbiainfo, www.serbia-info.com, October 1998.
Claude E. Shannon. "Certain results in coding theory for noisy channels." Information and Control, Sep 1957.
James A. Shapiro, editor. Mobile Genetic Elements. N.Y.: Academic Press, 1983.
James A. Shapiro. "Bacteria as Multicellular Organisms." Scientific American. Jun 1988: 82-89.
J.A. Shapiro. "Natural genetic engineering in evolution." Genetica, 86:1-3 1992: 99-111.
James A. Shapiro. "Pattern and control in bacterial colony development." Science progress, v 76 n 301, 302, 1992: 399.
J.A. Shapiro. "Natural genetic engineering of the bacterial genome." Current Opinion in Genetics and Development, Dec 1993: 845-8.
J.A. Shapiro. "The significances of bacterial colony patterns." Bioessays, Jul 17, 1995: 597-607.
J.A. Shapiro. "Genome organization, natural genetic engineering and adaptive mutation." Trends in Genetics, Mar 13, 1997: 98-104.
James A. Shapiro. "Thinking About Bacterial Populations as Multicellular Organisms." Annual Review of Microbiology. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews, 1998: 81-104.
James A. Shapiro. Personal Communication. Feb9, 1999.
Lucy Shapiro and Richard Losick. "Protein Localization and Cell Fate in Bacteria." Science, 2 May 1997: 712-718.
Robert Shapiro. "Prebiotic cytosine synthesis: A critical analysis and implications for the origin of life." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Apr 1999: 4396-4401.
James A. Shapiro. Personal communication. Sep 24, 1999.
Robert Shapiro. Planetary Dreams: The Quest To Discover Life Beyond Earth. N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
G.B. Sharp, Y Kawaoka, D.J. Jones, W.J. Bean, S.P. Pryor, V. Hinshaw, R.G. Webster. "Coinfection of wild ducks by influenza A viruses: distribution patterns and biological significance." Journal of Virology, Aug 1997: 6128-35.
N. Shashar, T.W. Cronin. "Polarization contrast vision in Octopus." Journal of Experimental Biology, Apr 1996 (Pt 4): 999-1004.
Y. Shavit. "Endogenous Opioids May Mediate the Effects of Stress on Tumor Growth and Immune Function." Proceedings of the Western Pharmacology Society 26 (1983).
Stanford Shaw. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume I: Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808. N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 1976: 55-57.
Barry Shelby. "Japan and Africa." World Press Review, Jan 1989: 44.
Greg Sheridan. The Australian. Reprinted in World Press Review, October, 1998: 15.
Muzafer y, Hadley Cantril. The Psychology of Ego-Involvements: Social Attitudes and Identifications. N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons, 1947.
Muzafer Sherif, O.H. Harvey, B. Jack White, William R. Hood, Carolyn W. Sherif. The Robbers Cave Experiment: Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1988.
D.F. Sherry and B.G. Galef. "Social learning without imitation: More about milk bottle opening by birds." Animal Behavior, 1990, 40: 987-989.
Shi-xu. "Cultural Perceptions: Exploiting the Unexpected of the Other." Culture and Psychology, Vol 1 (1995): 315-342.
L.J. Shimkets. "Control of morphogenesis in myxobacteria." Critical Reviews in Microbiology, 14:3 1987:
L.J. Shimkets. "The role of the cell surface in social and adventurous behaviour of myxobacteria." Molecular Microbiology, Sep 1989: 1295-9.
L.J. Shimkets. "Social and developmental biology of the myxobacteria." Microbiology Reviews, Dec 1990:
Pat Shipman. Taking Wing: Archaeopteryx and the Evolution of Bird Flight. N.Y.: Simon and Schuster, 1998.
William L. Shirer. 20th Century Journey: The Nightmare Years, 1930-1940. N.Y.: Bantam Books, 1985.
T.J. Shors, T.B. Seib, S. Levine and R.F. Thompson. "Inescapable Versus Escapable Shock Modulates Long-Term Potentiation in the Rat Hippocampus." Science, Apr 14, 1989: 224-226.
L.P. Shu, G.B. Sharp, Y.P. Lin, E.C. Claas, S.L. Krauss, K.F. Shortridge, R.G. Webster. "Genetic reassortment in pandemic and interpandemic influenza viruses. A study of 122 viruses infecting humans." European Journal of Epidemiology, Feb1996: 63-70.
Irving Shulman. Valentino. N.Y.: Trident Press (Simon and Schuster), 1967.
C.G. Sibley, J.E. Ahlquist. "The phylogeny of the hominoid primates, as indicated by DNA-DNA hybridization." Journal of Molecular Evolution 1984 20:1 2-15.
C.G. Sibley, J.E. Ahlquist. "DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: results from an expanded data set." Journal of Molecular Evolution, 26:1-2 1987: 99-121.
C.G. Sibley, J.A. Comstock, J.E. Ahlquist. "DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: a reanalysis of the data." Journal of Molecular Evolution, Mar 1990: 202-236.
R.E. Sicard. "Hormones, neurosecretions, and growth factors as signal molecules for intercellular communication." Developmental and Comparative Immunology, Spring 1986: 269-72.
H. Sigall and R. Helmreich. "Opinion Change as a Function of Stress and Communicator Credibility." Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology, 5 (1969): 70-78.
Silicon Graphics. The Silicon Graphics Cray supercomputers Web site. www.cray.com/, Feb1999.
Paul C. Silva and Richard L. Moe. "Euglenophyceae" McGraw Hill Multimedia Encyclopedia of Science and Technology.
Paul C. Silva, Richard L. Moe. "Volvocales." McGraw-Hill Multimedia Encyclopedia of Science and Technology.
P.V. Simonov. "The 'bright spot of consciousness.'" Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deiatelnosti Imeni I. P. Pavlova, Nov-Dec 1990 Nov-Dec: 1040-1044.
Dean Keith Simonton. Greatness: Who Makes History and Why. N.Y.: Guilford Press, 1994.
Margaret Thaler Singer and Janja Lalich. Cults in Our Midst. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1995.
Wolf Singer. "Neurobiology: Striving for coherence." Nature, 4 Feb1999: 391-393.
J. Singh, R.T. Knight. "Prefrontal lobe contribution to voluntary movements in humans." Brain Research, 531, 1990: 45-54.
J. Singh, R.T. Knight. "Effects of posterior association cortex lesions on brain potentials preceding self-initiated movements." Journal of Neuroscience, May 1993: 1820-1829.
Purushottam Singh. Neolithic Cultures of Western Asia. N.Y.: Seminar Press, 1974.
Spook Skelton. Spook's Photography Page. "Savanna Baboon--Papio cynocephalus." http://sailfish.exis.net/~spook/babtxt.html, Feb1999.
John R. Skoyles. "Alphabet and the Western mind." Nature, 309, 1984: 409-410.
John R. Skoyles. "Did ancient people read with their right hemispheres? A study in neuropalaeographology." New Ideas in Psychology, 1985, 3: 243-252.
John R. Skoyles. "The origin of Classical Greek culture: The transparent chain theory of literacy/society interaction." Journal of Social and Biological Structures, 13, 1990: 321-353.
John R. Skoyles. "Another variety of vision." Trends in NeuroScience, 20 1997, 22 23--a version with references is at www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~skoyles/tins.htm, Jan, 1998.
John Skoyles. "Mirror Neurons and the motor theory of speech. Noetica. (1998) http://psy.uq.edu.au/CogPsych/Noetica/OpenForumIssue9/ Jan 1998.
John Skoyles. "Motor perception and anatomical realism in Classical Greek Art." Medical Hypothesis. 51, 1998: 69-70.
John R. Skoyles, personal communications, Nov1997-Aug 1998.
John R. Skoyles. Personal communication. Jul 20, 1999.
John R. Skoyles. "Complete online text of selected papers and two books (Odyssey and Leviathan)." www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~skoyles/, May, 1999.
David Smillie. "Human Nature and Evolution: language, culture, and race." Paper given at the Biennial Meeting of the International Society of Human Ethology, Amsterdam, Aug 1992.
David Smillie. "Darwin's Tangled Bank: The Role of Social Environments." Perspectives in Ethology, Volume 10: Behavior and Evolution, edited by P.P.G. Bateson, et. al., 119-141. N.Y.: Plenum Press, 1993.
David Smillie. "Darwin's Two Paradigms: An 'Opportunistic' Approach to Group Selection Theory." Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 18(3) (1995): 231-255.
David Smillie. "Group processes and human evolution: sex and culture as adaptive strategies." Paper presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the European Sociobiological Society, Alfred, NY, Jul 25, 1996.
S.M. Smirnakis, M.J. Berry, D.K. Warland, W. Bialek, M. Meister. "Adaptation of retinal processing to image contrast and spatial scale." Nature, Mar 6, 1997: 69-73.
J. Smit, N. Agabian, "Cell surface patterning and morphogenesis: biogenesis of a periodic surface array during Caulobacter development." Journal of Cell Biology, October 1982: 41-9.
Adam Smith. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Dublin: Whitestone, 1776.
D.R. Smith, M. Dworkin. "Territorial interactions between two Myxococcus Species." Journal of Bacteriology, Feb1994: 1201-5.
Gary C. Smith. "Some Biological Considerations for a Permanent, Manned Lunar Base." The American Biology Teacher. Feb1995: 92.
Frederick Winston Furneaux Smith, Earl of Birkenhead. Rudyard Kipling. N.Y.: Random House, 1978.
M.D. Smith, C.I. Masters, E. Lennon, L.B. McNeil, K.W. Minton. "Gene expression in Deinococcus radiodurans." Gene, Feb1991: 45-52.John Maynard Smith. "When learning guides evolution." Nature, 329, 1987: 761-762.
Kendall A. Smith. "Interleukin-2." Scientific American, Mar 1990: 50-57.
Malcolm T. Smith and Robert Layton. "Still Human After All These Years." The Sciences, Jan-Feb1989:
Patrick Smith. "You Have a Job, But How About a Life?" Business Week, Nov16, 1998.
A.G. Smithers; D.M. Lobley. "Dogmatism, social attitudes and personality." British Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, Jun 1978: 135-142.
Herbert Weir Smyth. Greek Grammar (First Edition), Gregory R. Crane, editor, The Perseus Project, http://hydra.perseus.tufts.edu, Aug, 1998.
Misti Snow. "Peer cruelty: From mean spirited teasing to physical violence, bullying takes painful toll on children and adolescents." Minneapolis Star Tribune, Dec 4, 1995: 01E.
Elliott Sober and David Sloan Wilson. Unto Others: The evolution and psychology of unselfish behavior. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.
Olga Soffer. The Upper Paleolithic of the Central Russian Plain. N.Y.: Academic Press, 1985.
Olga Soffer. Personal communication, Dec 7, 1997.
Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont. Fashionable nonsense: postmodern intellectuals' abuse of science. N.Y.: Picador, 1998.
K. Sokolowski, H.D. Schmalt. "Emotional and motivational influences in an affiliation conflict situation." Zeitschrift fur Experimentelle Psychologie, 43:3, 1996: 461-82.
J.M. Solomon, A.D. Grossman. "Who's competent and when: regulation of natural genetic competence in bacteria." Trends in Genetics, 12 1996: 150-155.
Joseph Soltis, Robert Boyd, and Peter J. Richerson, "Can Group Functional Behaviors Evolve by Cultural Group Selection? An Empirical Test," Current Anthropology, Jun 1995: 473-494.
Paul Somerson. "I've Got A Server In My Pants." ZD Equip Magazine. www.zdnet.co.uk/athome/feature/serverinpants/welcome.html, downloaded Aug 1999.
J.M. Sommer, A. Newton. "Turning off flagellum rotation requires the pleiotropic gene pleD: pleA, pleC, and pleD define two morphogenic pathways in Caulobacter crescentus." Journal of Bacteriology, Jan 1989: 392-401.
H. Sompolinsky, R. Shapley. "New perspectives on the mechanisms for orientation selectivity." Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Aug 1997: 514-22.
P.Y. Sondaar. "Pleistocene man and extinctions of island endemics." Societe Geologique de France. Memoires. 150, 1987: 159-165.
Sorin Sonea, Maurice Panisset. A New Bacteriology. Boston: James and Bartlett, 1983.
Sorin Sonea. "The Global Organism: A New View of Bacteria." The Sciences, Jul/Aug, 1988: 38-45.
Charles H. Southwick. "Genetic and Environmental Variables Influencing Animal Aggression." In Animal Aggression: Selected Readings, edited by Charles H. Southwick. N.Y.: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1970.
Space Telescope Science Institute. "Hubble Provides Multiple Views Of How To Feed A Black Hole." Press Release No.: STScI PR98 14, Posted May 15, 1998, http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/pr/1998/14/, downloaded Aug 1998.
Space Telescope Science Institute. "Hubble Completes Eight Year Effort to Measure Expanding Universe." Press Release No.: STScI PR99 19, Baltimore, MD: Space Telescope Science Institute, May 15, 1999, http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/pr/1999/19/pr.html, downloaded Jun 1999.
Albert Speer. Inside the Third Reich--Memoirs, translated from the German by Richard and Clara Winston. N.Y.: Collier Books, 1970.
Stephan E. Speyer. "Comparative taphonomy and paleoecology of trilobite lagerstatten." Alcheringa 11, 1987: 205 232.
Rene A. Spitz. "Hospitalism: An Inquiry into the Genesis of Psychiatric Conditions in Early Childhood." The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. (N.Y.: International Universities Press, 1945), I:53-74.
Rene A. Spitz, M.D. with Katherine M. Wolf, Ph.D.. "Anaclitic Depression: An Inquiry into the Genesis of Psychiatric Conditions in Early Childhood, II." The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, Vol. II. N.Y.: International Universities Press, 1946.
Nicholas C. Spitzer and Terrence J. Sejnowski. "Biological Information Processing: Bits of Progress." Science, 22 Aug 1997: 1060-1061.
H. Philip Spratt. "The Marine Steam-Engine." in Charles Singer, E.J. Holmyard, A.R. Hall and Trevor I Williams, eds. A History of Technology: Volume V, The Late Nineteenth Century, c. 1850 to c. 1900. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 1958.
V. Spruiell. "Crowd psychology and ideology: a psychoanalytic view of the reciprocal effects of folk philosophies and personal actions." International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1988 69 (Pt 2): 171-8.
S. Stack. "The effect of the media on suicide: evidence from Japan, 1955-1985." Suicide and Life-threatening Behavior, Summer 1996: 132-42.
John Stackhouse. "Will Karachi Be the Next Kabul?" Toronto Globe and Mail. Reprinted in World Press Review, October 1998: 17.
M.J. Staunton, E.F. Gaffney. "Apoptosis: basic concepts and potential significance in human cancer." Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Apr 1998: 310-9.
B. M. Staw, L. E. Sandelands, and J. E. Dutton. "Threat-Rigidity Effects in Organizational Behavior: A Multilevel Analysis." Administrative Science Quarterly, 26 (1981): 501-524.
Lyle Steadman, personal communication, Dec 7, 1997.
Peter N. Stearns. "The Rise of Sibling Jealousy in the Twentieth Century." In Emotion And Social Change: Toward a New Phsychohistory, 193-222.
G. L. Stebbins, Jr. Variation and Evolution in Plants. N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 1950.
Volker Stefanski. "Social stress in loser rats: Opposite immunological effects in submissive and subdominant males." Physiology & Behavior, Apr 1998: 605-613.
Kathleen Stein. "Mind Reading Among the Macaques: How the brain interprets the intentions of others." Omni, Jun 1994: 10.
Robert M. Stelmack. "The psychophysics and psychophysiology of extraversion and arousal." The Scientific Study of Human Nature: Tribute to Hans J. Eysenck at Eighty. Edited by Helmuth Nyborg. N.Y.: Elsevier Science, 1997: 388-403.
Christopher Stephens. "Modelling Reciprocal Altruism." The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Dec 1996.
Mitchell Stephens. A History of News: from the Drum to the Satellite. N.Y.: Viking Press, 1988.
Richard S. Stephens, Sue Kalman, Claudia Lammel, Jun Fan, Rekha Marathe, L. Aravind, Wayne Mitchell, Lynn Olinger, Roman L. Tatusov, Qixun Zhao, Eugene V. Koonin, and Ronald W. Davis. "Genome Sequence of an Obligate Intracellular Pathogen of Humans: Chlamydiatrachomatis." Science, 23 October 1998: 754-759.
K. Stern, M.K. McClintock. "Regulation of ovulation by human pheromones." Nature, Mar 12 1998.
Kenneth S. Stern. "Militias and the religious right." Freedom Writer, October 1996. http://apocalypse.berkshire.net/~ifas/fw/9610/militias.html, Nov1998.
Anthony Stevens and John Price. "The Group Splitting Hypothesis of Schizophrenia." In Anthony Stevens and John Price, Evolutionary Psychiatry: A New Beginning. London: Routledge Press, 1996, pre-publication draft.
Anthony Stevens, John Price. Evolutionary Psychiatry: A New Beginning. London: Routledge, 1996.
O.C. Stine, G.J. Dover, D. Zhu, K.D. Smith. "The evolution of two west African populations." Journal of Molecular Evolution, Apr 1992: 336-44.
Gregory Stock. Metaman: the merging of humans and machines into a global superorganism." N.Y.: Simon & Schuster, 1993.
A. Stolba. Entscheidungsfindung in Verbanden von Papio hamadryas, Ph.D. Dissertation, Universitat Zurich, Zurich, 1979.
Ross M. Stolzenberg, Mary Blair-Loy, Linda J. Waite. "Religious Participation in Early Adulthood: Age and Family Life Cycle Effects on Church Membership." American Sociological Review, Feb 1995: 84-103.
W. Stolzenburg. "Hypermutation: Evolutionary Fast Track?" Science News, Jun 23, 1990: 391.
Alan Stone. "State and Market: Economic Regulation and the Great Productivity Debate." In The Hidden Election: Politics and Economics in the 1980 Presidential Campaign, edited by Thomas Ferguson and Joel Rogers. N.Y.: Pantheon Books, 1981: 232-259.
Valentina Stosor, Gary A. Noskin, Lance R. Peterson. "The Management and Prevention of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci." Infections in Medicine, 13(6), 1996: 487-488, 493-498.
Evelyn Strauss. "Mob Action: Peer pressure in the bacterial world." Science News, Aug 23, 1997: 124-125.
Evelyn Strauss. "Society for Developmental Biology Meeting: How Embryos Shape Up." Science, 10 Jul 1998: 166-167.
F.L. Strodtbeck, R.J. James, and C. Hawkins. "Social status in jury deliberations." American Sociological Review, 22 1957: 713-719.
R. Stroufe, A. Chaikin, R. Cook, and V. Freeman. "The Effects of Physical Attractiveness on Honesty: A Socially Desirable Response." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 1977: 59-62.
Charles B. Strozier. "Christian fundamentalism, Nazism, and the millennium." Psychohistory Review, Winter 1990: 207-217.
Shirley C. Strum. Almost Human: A Journey into the World of Baboons. N.Y.: Random House, 1987.
S.A. Sturdza. "Expansion phenomena of Proteus cultures. I. The swarming expansion." Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie [Orig A], Dec 1975: 505-30.
C. Sturmbauer, A. Meyer. "Genetic divergence, speciation and morphological stasis in a lineage of African cichlid fishes." Nature, Aug 13, 1992: 578.
Deyan Sudjic. "Tokyo's 'Spectacular' Stores." The Times of London, reprinted in World Press Review October 1989: 72.
Suetonius. C. Suetonius Tranquillus. Divi Augi Vita. Edited by Michael Adams. London: Macmillan, 1939.
Yukimaru Sugiyama. "Social Characteristics and Socialization of Wild Chimpanzees." In Primate Socialization, edited by Frank E. Poirier. N.Y.: Random House, 1972: 145-164.
Cliff H. Summers and Neil Greenberg. "Somatic Correlates of Adrenergic Activity during Aggression in the Lizard, Anolis carolinensis." Hormones and Behavior, 28, 1994: 29-40.
C.H. Summers, N. Greenberg. "Activation of central biogenic amines following aggressive interaction in male lizards, Anolis carolinensis." Brain Behavior and Evolution, 45:6 1995: 339 49.
Curt Suplee. Physics in the 20th Century. N.Y.: Harry N. Abrams, 1999: 179.
S.J. Suomi, H.F. Harlow, J.K. Lewis. "Effect of bilateral frontal lobectomy on social preferences of rhesus monkeys." Journal of Comparative Physiology, Mar 1970: 448-53.
J. Süss, J. Schäfer, H. Sinnecker, R.G. Webster. "Influenza virus subtypes in aquatic birds of eastern Germany." Archives of Virology, 135:1-2 1994: 101-14.
Diane Swanbrow. "The Paradox of Happiness." Psychology Today, Jul/Aug 1989: 37-39.
Ken Swisher. "Rutgers scientists discover oldest stone tools to date." Press release Jan 22, 1997. New Brunswick/Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University. Downloaded 5/15/98 from http://uc.rutgers.edu/medrel/news/envstud/gona.html.
Janos Szentagothai. "The 'Brain-Mind' Relation: A Pseudoproblem?" In Mindwaves: Thoughts on Intelligence, Identity and Consciousness. Edited by Colin Blakemore and Susan Greenfield, 322-336. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989.
Tad Szulc. Fidel: A Critical Portrait. N.Y.: William Morrow, 1986.